|John Hawdon came to NSW 1828|
Thank you for your email, and the copy of an email from Colin.
I have just sent a long email to Colin Goldsworthy of Carlingford, Sydney, in reply to his email to me of 13 August - about the time he wrote to you - as I was able to answer some of his queries. Brian Packard's book is a gold mine of information. To quote from "Joseph Hawdon: The First Overlander":
Chapter Two: The Hawdons come to Australia pages 9 and 10
... Eighteenth of April 1828 found Hawdon and his family on board the Caroline off Plymouth and about to sail for Sydney. In 1826 he had married Margaret Catherine Potts and in 1827 their first child, also John, was born. Margaret was pregnant again when she embarked at Plymouth and gave birth to a second son, Gilbert, off the Cape of Good Hope.
The family arrived in Port Jackson and disembarked at Sydney Cove on 13 September 1828. John described the voyage, which lasted a little under five months, as tedious rather than unpleaant with both the children well...
John Hawdon was most critical of the master, Captain Howey, who he described as a greedy and disagreeable fellow. For several weeks Howey would only allow Hawdon's cow 10 pounds (4.5 kilograms) of hay and 5 gallons (23 litres of water a day, which Hawdon considered to be inadequate. This so weakened the poor animal that it died shortly after disembarking.
Source for first two paragraphs: Letter of John Hawdon to his father, 26 Oct 1828
Source for final paragraph: Letter of John Hawdon to his mother, 20 June 1829 Mitchell Library, Sydney - John Hawdon Letters 1821-33
The libraries and archives of Australia have a wealth of information on the Hawdon family, and Colin should be able to obtain information from them, as well as from the contemporary newspapers you mentioned in your email to him. The discrepancy between the date of sailing (15 April 1828, according to the Sydney Monitor, and 18 April, according to John Howdon's letter) could be an error on the part of one or the other, but I believe the alternative and correct explanation is that they had to wait for favourable winds before the Caroline left London and embarked additional passengers "off Plymouth". If the Caroline sailed only from Plymouth, she would have been berthed there been able to take passengers on board directly, and not from a tender (implied by "off").
You enquired about Joseph's arrival in Australia. This is to be found on page 25 (what a wonderful book it is!):
John Hawdon senior at Wackerfield evidently took his son's advice [about the excellent prospects for settlers in Australia etc] because on 12 July 1834 the twenty-year-old Joseph Hawdon sailed from London on the brig Children arriving in Sydney exactly four months later on 12 November. The voyage was completely uneventful apart from the ship being becalmed for the three weeks off the Cape of Good Hope.
Joseph returned to England in 1841. Page 184:
John and Joseph Hawdon left Port Phillip by sea for Sydney on 19 September 1840 arriving on 3 October and on 11 November Joseph sailed for India. He must have spent several months in that country and travelled overland from Madras to Bombay where he met his friend from the Melbourne club R.U. Browne, who had left Australia earlier. [a grand tour via Suez, Alexandria,
Trieste, Vienna, Prague and Berlin followed] ...arriving in England about the middle of May .
Joseph's return to Australia in 1842. Page 192:
The Caledonia arrived in Port Phillip on 9 August 1842 with Joseph Hawdon and his now pregnant wife on board. As seemed usual when the Hawdons travelled he brought substantial amounts of liquor with him --- in this case one hogshead and five cases of wine...Also on the Caledonia was R.W. Barnes, a nephew of John and Joseph Hawdon, probably the son of their widowed sister Jane Barnes with whom Joseph had been staying in South Street , Durham, at the time of his wedding.
I think Brian Packard's book deserves a second printing!
Best wishes. It is good to hear from you again.
George, York, UK
Francis Jenkins arrived at Mildura, March 1847, with a herd of 900 head of cattle.
Superior knowledge - Ernestine Hill did not realise that John Hawdon was a nephew of Joseph born 1827 and 14 years younger than Uncle Joseph
Ernestine Hill, 'Water into Gold' writes -
Jenkins went off to Adelaide to register his claim on the land, thinking he was in South Australia. He found otherwise and then had to apply to Melbourne. By the time his application was processed, September, the land had already been registered to Hogg (for Hugh & Bushby Jamieson), and Armourer Forster was in occupation.
Also in 1847 - 18 year leases were granted to squatters in "unsettled" districts, the rent being proportional to the number of stock on the station, the minimum number having to be 4000 sheep and 640 cattle. Both of these laws made it more viable to make improvements to the land and to establish more permanent dwellings, buildings and farm improvements..
In 1845 young John Hawdon born 1821, nephew of Joseph Hawdon, followed his uncle's trail, accompanied by Armorer Forster who is believed to have come with Joseph Hawdon on the Caledonia 1842|
Kulnine Station was taken up in 1845 by John Hawdon and comprised 57,600 acres. In 1848 John Hawdon fell from his horse. He was taken to his tent where he later died. He is buried in the cemetery at the northern end of the Old Mildura Homestead, among the saltbush and box trees that were his home. His grave is beside that of his bushman friend, Armourer Forster, who died in 1889.
In 1850 the Station was purchased by Crozier & Rutherford and then in 1857 it was divided into Kulnine Upper and Kulnine Lower with the boundary at Wentworth. The southern boundary of Kulnine Lower (Cowra) was near Merbein. It is interesting that the Station name was spelt Culnine.
1859 - The Jamieson's applied for Pre-emptive Right to 320 acres of land around their Mildura Homestead. Pre-emptive Right - A law had been en-acted in 1847, allowing the purchase of the section of land on which homesteads and other improvements had been made. Where river frontage was involved, the ownership ran right to the middle of the river. Station owners could now own their land, whereas previously they had only leased it.
See the page about the graves at the Homestead
If you enjoy this page, please Email me.|
Selected bibliography of material on the Hawdons|
Ernestine Hill - 'Water into Gold', pub 1937, a book about early Sunraysia
‘Joseph Hawdon, the First Overlander’ by Brian Packard pub 1997 by Fast
John Nicholson - ‘The Incomparable Captain Cadell’ pub 2004.
‘Bushmen of the Great Anabranch’ by Maxine Withers, published 1989.