John Hawdon came to NSW 1828

from Hawdon family page written Fri Apr 12 1996


* BIRTH: 18 MAY 1770
* DEATH: 22 MAY 1845
Father: John HAWDON
Mother: Mary WATSON
John HAWDON wed 09 JUN 1798 at Gainsford, Durham, England to Elizabeth HUNT born c1777 at Staindrop ,

1. Jane Hawdon 12 Apr 1799 - 1875
2. Bessie Hawdon about Jul 1800
3. John Hawdon 29 Jun 1801 wed Margaret Potts and came to Australia 1828
4. Christopher Hawdon cJan 1803
5. Francis Hawdon cMay 1804, stillborn twin
6. Mary Hawdon 8 Jun 1806 - 25 Jan 1849 wed John Yates, dau Fanny Anna Yates
7. Elizabeth Hawdon 21 Mar 1807 Wed 29 Jun 1835 to Francis Davison, 9 chn and came to SA
8. Joseph Hawdon 5 Oct 1808 - 1810
9. Frances (Fanny) Hawdon 7 Feb 1810, wed Richard Barnes, 2 sons
10. William Watson Hawdon 6 Dec 1812
11. Joseph Hawdon 14 Nov 1813, Walkerfield, Co Durham died 12 Apr 1871, Christchurch, NZ came to NSW about 1834

From on Thu, 29 Jun 2006

Dear Elizabeth, My hobby of family history is four years old, an interest first acquired at the age of 68.
Yesterday I was looking for the descendants of John Hawdon and Margaret Catherine Potts who had emigrated to Australia in 1828, and was delighted to find abundant information on Don's Rootsweb site.

John Werge wed 20 Jan 1760 to Margaret Younghusband at Chatton, Northumberland, England
My three-greats grandmother, Margaret Potts née Werge (15 Sep 1771 - 1862 #3193, born at Chatton, Northumberland, England and died at Broulee NSW dau of Ellen and John) followed her only daughter to Australia and died in New South Wales, aged 93, according to a privately published "The History of the Family of Werge of Northumberland", 1891, and I have recently become interested in her latter years and what happened to her daughter and son in law.

Written on Thu, 6 Jul 2006

I spent yesterday in London, visiting the Huguenot Library, London Metropolitan Archives and Society of Genealogists library. The data above was obtained at the SoG library.

Accordingly, a fair amount can be known about the direct Hawdon ancestors. The marriage of John Hawdon to Margaret Catherine Potts was in 1826 - on 13 June, by licence, at St Peter's Walls End, Northumberland (later Wallsend, Newcastle upon Tyne). Witnesses were Gilbert Wood, Elizabeth Werge, and Mary Hawdon. Source - photocopy of the parish register, obtained for me by a County Durham genealogist last year.

I am not sure of the birth date for John Hawdon. The actual Staindrop Parish Register of Baptisms states: "John s of John and Mary Hawdon near Wackerfield" was baptised on 23 May 1770, and his younger sister "Hannah d of John and Mary Hawdon Wackfd" on 23 Oct 1772

The John who married Margaret Catherine Potts has the detailed baptismal entry in the Staindrop register:-

1801 birth and baptism
"John Hawdon 29 June. 29 June being a premature birth 2d of Jno 1st son of Hawdon, Junr, Yeoman of Walkerfield by his wife Elizabeth Hunt, N of Darlington"
The N after Elizabeth, I take to be "native"

Source: Transcript by Herbert Maxwell Wood 1869-1922, copyright, Newcastle Library, Newcastle upon Tyne, and now on microfiche.

There are two marriages in the Gainford parish registers:- Hawdon John - Staindrop P - Mary Watson this P. Banns 14 May 1765
wit. Wm Watson Wm Farrer

Hawdon John, Jun, of Staindrop Parish, gentleman wed Eliz Hunt of this Parish by Lic. 9 Jun 1798
witnesses Francis Hunt, John Hunt, Ann Hawdon, Frances Hunt, Hannah Hawdon

and there are two Hawdon baptisms 1813-1839 in the Gainford transcript by C.Yellowley 2003:-

15 December 1813 Hawdon Joseph son of John and Elizabeth
8 June 1827 Hawdon John son of John and Margaret Catherine

the last of these being the eldest of John and Margaret's children born before sailing to Australia.

Best wishes


and on Sat, 13 Jan 2007

Dear Elizabeth,
We corresponded by email 29 June - 06 July 2006 in connection with the Hawdon family, and you kindly gave me Brian Packard's address. I thought you might be interested in the outcome.
I wrote to him in July, and received a handwritten reply dated 25 August with Hawdon family charts enclosed. No second hand or new copy of "Joseph Hawdon: The First Overlander" could be obtained anywhere in Australia, or elsewhere, and there I let the matter rest.

However, to my great surprise, his daughter Sally Mashman, sent me an email with the entire text of the book as an attachment! This I have printed out in its entirety, and filed in polythene "pockets", with the pages back to back, so that it reads like a book - so much easier on the eye than a screen! It was a remarkably good read, and represented a monumental work of original research. I envy him the amount of documents that have survived, and their accessibility. One interesting point was the mention of William Potts, an elusive gentleman (1800-1848) staying with his brother in law, John Hawdon, on 30 Jan 1844, which may explain where he went to after leaving the army in 1832 after 18 years service in the 17th Dragoons and 45th Foot (later the Nottinghamshire Regiment).

In your last email you mention visiting Brownsea Island. My grandfather (1864-1926), who served in the Boer War, retired to New Milton, Hampshire, after many years in the army, and started a Scout troop in about 1911. I have my grandmother's diaries 1896-7, 1914-18, and they mention going to hear Baden-Powell speak in Bournemouth (which is next door to Poole).
The subject of your last email was "Happy Memories", and I wonder if you have ever written a memoir to pass on to descendants (and others)? My cousin has done so recently (private publication only), and this is a challenge to myself to do likewise. How I wish some of my forebears had written even a brief memoir! The discovery in 2002 of my grandmother's diaries, and 51 letters of my grandfather to his mother (1878-1902) have given me an insight into their lives that I could not have believed possible. But a memoir would have done even more so.
My third daughter, Valerie, is completing her final year at Brighton University for a B.A. in Cultural and Historical Studies, and is writing a dissertation on an aspect of Hamber Family History (!) with an encouraging tutor. Apparently family history is becoming a serious university discipline these days.
I wonder what postgraduate studies you undertook in UK? And your subsequent career?

Earlier this week I spent the day in Canterbury Cathedral Archives looking at parish registers and finding my great X3 grandparents' marriage (1800), and great X4 grandparents' marriage in 1747, in an East Kent parish. When I left school in Canterbury in 1952, the Archives were just being built after having been a ruin due to bomb damage in the war. It is a nice place now, next door to the Great Cloister.
I expect you are on holiday at the moment. We are having the mildest winter on record, with frost on only two days so far. The lawn had to be mowed between Christmas and the New Year, because the grass had not stopped growing.
With very best wishes, and many thanks for your help in July 2006,
George and Grace (Hamber), Eastbourne, East Sussex, UK

A Challenge in 2011 - Questions about Joseph Hawdon, the first to take cattle along the Murray then across country to Adelaide.

The question concerned 'When did Joseph first come to Australia?' And the answer came from on Monday, 15 August, 2011
Dear Elizabeth,
Thank you for your email, and the copy of an email from Colin.
I have just sent a long email to Colin Goldsworthy of Carlingford, Sydney, in reply to his email to me of 13 August - about the time he wrote to you - as I was able to answer some of his queries. Brian Packard's book is a gold mine of information. To quote from "Joseph Hawdon: The First Overlander":
Chapter Two: The Hawdons come to Australia pages 9 and 10
... Eighteenth of April 1828 found Hawdon and his family on board the Caroline off Plymouth and about to sail for Sydney. In 1826 he had married Margaret Catherine Potts and in 1827 their first child, also John, was born. Margaret was pregnant again when she embarked at Plymouth and gave birth to a second son, Gilbert, off the Cape of Good Hope.
The family arrived in Port Jackson and disembarked at Sydney Cove on 13 September 1828. John described the voyage, which lasted a little under five months, as tedious rather than unpleaant with both the children well...
John Hawdon was most critical of the master, Captain Howey, who he described as a greedy and disagreeable fellow. For several weeks Howey would only allow Hawdon's cow 10 pounds (4.5 kilograms) of hay and 5 gallons (23 litres of water a day, which Hawdon considered to be inadequate. This so weakened the poor animal that it died shortly after disembarking.
Source for first two paragraphs: Letter of John Hawdon to his father, 26 Oct 1828
Source for final paragraph: Letter of John Hawdon to his mother, 20 June 1829 Mitchell Library, Sydney - John Hawdon Letters 1821-33
The libraries and archives of Australia have a wealth of information on the Hawdon family, and Colin should be able to obtain information from them, as well as from the contemporary newspapers you mentioned in your email to him. The discrepancy between the date of sailing (15 April 1828, according to the Sydney Monitor, and 18 April, according to John Howdon's letter) could be an error on the part of one or the other, but I believe the alternative and correct explanation is that they had to wait for favourable winds before the Caroline left London and embarked additional passengers "off Plymouth". If the Caroline sailed only from Plymouth, she would have been berthed there been able to take passengers on board directly, and not from a tender (implied by "off").
You enquired about Joseph's arrival in Australia. This is to be found on page 25 (what a wonderful book it is!):
John Hawdon senior at Wackerfield evidently took his son's advice [about the excellent prospects for settlers in Australia etc] because on 12 July 1834 the twenty-year-old Joseph Hawdon sailed from London on the brig Children arriving in Sydney exactly four months later on 12 November. The voyage was completely uneventful apart from the ship being becalmed for the three weeks off the Cape of Good Hope.
Joseph returned to England in 1841. Page 184:
John and Joseph Hawdon left Port Phillip by sea for Sydney on 19 September 1840 arriving on 3 October and on 11 November Joseph sailed for India. He must have spent several months in that country and travelled overland from Madras to Bombay where he met his friend from the Melbourne club R.U. Browne, who had left Australia earlier. [a grand tour via Suez, Alexandria,
Trieste, Vienna, Prague and Berlin followed] ...arriving in England about the middle of May [1841].
Joseph's return to Australia in 1842. Page 192:
The Caledonia arrived in Port Phillip on 9 August 1842 with Joseph Hawdon and his now pregnant wife on board. As seemed usual when the Hawdons travelled he brought substantial amounts of liquor with him --- in this case one hogshead and five cases of wine...Also on the Caledonia was R.W. Barnes, a nephew of John and Joseph Hawdon, probably the son of their widowed sister Jane Barnes with whom Joseph had been staying in South Street , Durham, at the time of his wedding.
I think Brian Packard's book deserves a second printing!
Best wishes. It is good to hear from you again.
George, York, UK

Celebrating our first Overlanders

John Hawdon (b 1801) arrived in Sydney, Australia, with his wife and two sons in September 1828, when he rented a property, Elderslie, at the Cowpastures. By the time he had advised Joseph to join him, he had settled at Burgalia, near Bateman's Bay. Joseph had already made some mark as a cattlebreeder and the two brothers seem to have worked in partnership for some time.

In 1831 John Hawdon, took up a grant on the Moruya River. His homestead, Kiora, can be seen from the Araluen Road, about 6km west of Moruya. Classified by the National Trust, it is not open to the public.
When John Hawdon died, in 1881, he was buried in the Kiora cemetery, near the homestead. The Hawdons' ten-ton brig transported goods up and down the river. It is said that the first black swans seen by Queen Victoria were a gift from Kiora.

John Potts wed 2 Nov 1795 to Margaret Werge at Chatton, Northumberland, UK
John Hawdon married at Newcastle upon Tyne, England in 1827 to Margaret Catherine Potts 1802 - 28 Oct 1886 age 84, who had her first child in England, the second off the coast of Brazil, and then in NSW
1. John Hawdon 1827-1848 who is buried at Mildura Station Graves Site
2. Gilbert Hawdon 1828 born near Cape of Good Hope during the trip to Australia
3. Margaret Catherine Hawdon 1 Aug 1830 - 14 Jul 1911 born at Narrellan, New South Wales, Australia
4. William Hawdon 3 Mar 1832 - 14 Jan 1915 born at Narrellan, wed Elizabeth Paterson 1858
5. Ernest Werg Hawdon 10 Jan 1834 - 10 Jun 1892 wed 1867 to Martha Coppin at Broulee, New South Wales, and wed Elizabeth Emmott 1874 Broulee, New South Wales, Australia
6. Joseph Hawdon 17 Apr 1836 - 24 Jul 1859 born at Bergalia, and died at Broulee, New South Wales,
7. Francis 7 Jul 1838 Brighton, New South Wales, wed 1882 to Harriett Eales at Moruya, New South Wales,
8. Elizabeth Anne Hawdon 4 Jan 1842 - 1931 born at Melbourne, Victoria, wed 5 Jan 1864 to Francis Davison Jnr
9. Annie Hawdon Birth: 26 Feb 1844 - 19 Dec 1941, born at Kiora, NSW, wed 14 Jun 1865 to William Wilson Moruya, NSW, Australia
Joseph Hawdon 1813, youngest brother of John Senior, was the first to drive a herd of cattle from the known area of the Goulburn River in Victoria, along the Murray River into South Australia, and then overland to Adelaide in 1839
* Birth: 14 Nov 1813, Walkerfield, Co Durham
* Death: 12 Apr 1871, Christchurch, NZ [S111]
* Occupation: runholder
Father: John Hawdon
Mother: Elizabeth Hunt
Family 1: wed Jan 1842 to Emma Outhwaite, in England - see the letter from George
1. Emma Josephine Hawdon 21 Jan 1843, Australia - died 9 Dec 1889, Dunedin
2. Arthur Joseph Hawdon 5 Jan 1844 #13950, Australia - died 29 Mar 1921, Mt Peel wed Sarah Elizabeth Barker c1872, New Zealand
3. Cyril Goodricke Hawdon 9 Sep 1846 #14988, Australia
4. Alice Hawdon 1850 #17015, Australia - 12 JUL 1934, Hurst Green, London wed 21 Apr 1869, NZ to Edward Wingfield Humphreys and wed 1896 to Henry Cautley in London

5. Rupert Whycliffe Hawdon 1852 #25403

Joseph Hawdon wed c1866 in New Zealand to 2: Mary Macfarlane
1. Rosamund Hawdon 20 Apr 1870 - 24 Apr 1916

From on Saturday, 10 July, 2010

Dear Elizabeth,
Thank you for your email (copy) of 8 July 2010. Yes, I think I can help from Brian Packard's "Joseph Hawdon: The First Overlander" From Chapter Eight "RETURN TO ENGLAND AND MARRIAGE" page 189 and 190. [my bold print emphasis]
Little is known of Joseph's activities in England while John Hawdon was entrenching his position in the Melbourne establishment, although he did become a member of the Royal Geographical Society in London - no doubt on the strength of his overland journeys in Australia.

And on 19 January 1842, at St Margaret's Chapel in South Street, Durham, he married Emma Outhwaite, aged 19, who at the time of the wedding was living at Western Lodge (1) which is in the Parish of Framwelligate about 2 kilometres north-east of Durham Cathedral, although it appears that the family came from Richmond, North Yorkshire. Joseph Hawdon gave his address as South Street, Durham suggesting that he was probably staying with his widowed sister Jane Barnes who lived in a house in that street owned by their father John Hawdon of Wackerfield. John Hawdon bequeathed the property to Jane in his will made 8 July 1842. So if finding a bride was Joseph Hawdon's chief aim in returning to England he had certainly been successful and two months later, on 14 April 1842, the young couple embarked on the Caledonia for Melbourne (2).
(1) Register of Marriages, Durham and Lanchester, 19 January 1842
(2) M.A.Syme Shipping Arrivals and Departures Victorian Ports, Vol 1, page 80
Page 192:-
The Caledonia arrived in Port Phillip on 9 August 1842 with Joseph Hawdon and his now pregnant wife on board. As seemed ususal when the Hawdons travelled he brought substantial amounts of liquor with him - in this case one hogshead and five cases of wine (1)... Also on the Caledonia was R.W.Barnes, (2) a nephew of John and Joseph Hawdon, probably the son of their widowed sister Jane Barnes with whom Joseph had been staying in South Street, Durham at the time of his wedding.

(1) Port Phillip Patriot 11 August 1842,
(2) Hawdon Family Tree compiled by R & A. Davison; Diary of Francis Davison 9 Sept 1842; and Port Phillip Herald, 19 Jan 1844.
Brian Packard's book seems a good help here, and Mark would be able to follow up the source in Port Phillip Patriot to see if Armorer Forster was on the Caledonia. No doubt, you will be correcting the marriage information on Joseph and Emma in your notes, solving the mystery.
Good to hear from you. We keep well in York, and are enjoying a hot summer spell, with temperatures at 25 (which is high for here).
Best wishes, George

1000 Famous Australians - Halls 1978 Auckland Public library Overlander who helped chart unknown territory between Melborne and Adelaide. (1813-1871) Born in Walkerfield in County Durham. Migrated to New South Wales in 1834 to join his brother John. In 1836 he, John Gardiner and John Hepburn, joined forces to overland cattle to Port Phillip. Hawdon took up land in the Dandenongs but continued overlanding. During this time he pioneered an overland mail service, securing a 1200 pound a year contract to carry mail to Yass every fortnight where it was passed on to a post-boy from Sydney in exchange for the southbound mail. In 1838 Hawdon and Charles Bonney drove cattle from Howlong to Adelaide. Following the River Murray and then Lake Alexandrina most of the way, they helped to chart unknown territory. Next year he and Captain Mundy drove cattle between Melbourne and Adelaide over a more direct route. Hawdon made Melbourne his headquarters, taking up residence on a property near Heidelberg. He also founded the Pastoral and Agricultural Society. In 1848 he took up 11,000 hectare property at the junction of Goulburn River and Sunday Creek. Hawdon remained in Victoria until 1858 when he migrated to Canterbury, New Zealand, and continued his pastoral activities.

Australian Dictionary of Biography p 524 Similar story, more detail. He remained in Victoria until 1858, when he migrated to the Canterbury province of New Zealand where his name was given to the Hawdon River and Lake Hawdon. He took up large pastoral runs, visited England in 1867, and on his return was called to the Legislative Council but could not attend. He died at Christchurch on 12 April 1871. Hawdon married Emma Outhwaite in Melbourne. [She died in 1854. In 1872 his son Arthur Joseph Hawdon] married Sarah Elizabeth Barker, reputed to have been the first child of European parentage born in Canterbury. Hawdon was adventurous and alert to opportunity, and by his own success gave valuable service in developing new territory.

Francis Jenkins arrived at Mildura, March 1847, with a herd of 900 head of cattle.
Superior knowledge - Ernestine Hill did not realise that John Hawdon was a nephew of Joseph born 1827 and 14 years younger than Uncle Joseph

Ernestine Hill, 'Water into Gold' writes -
A man named Frank Jenkins swam a mob of cattle across and camped in a little stone hut, but he was routed by Hawdon's young brother John and Armourer Forster, who had just taken Kulnine. They were in search of land for Hugh and Bushby Jamieson of Murray Downs. They soon learned that Jenkin had no legal right, trekked south to Melbourne and made sure of their own, and returned with 6,000 sheep. That was in 1847.

Jenkins went off to Adelaide to register his claim on the land, thinking he was in South Australia. He found otherwise and then had to apply to Melbourne. By the time his application was processed, September, the land had already been registered to Hogg (for Hugh & Bushby Jamieson), and Armourer Forster was in occupation.
Hugh Jamieson arrived at the Station in July with 6000 sheep. Jenkins had to pack up his camp and cattle and swim back across the river. He was able to purchase a square mile block from Dr Dugald Fletcher who in 1846 was the first to settle along the Darling River, and called his area Tapio
Francis Jenkins was travelling with his neice Elizabeth and her husband John Williams. In 1848 Jenkins left, and John Williams sent for his brother Henry to help him. Their area was called Williams Station on the Murray, or Gol Gol Station.

Also in 1847 - 18 year leases were granted to squatters in "unsettled" districts, the rent being proportional to the number of stock on the station, the minimum number having to be 4000 sheep and 640 cattle. Both of these laws made it more viable to make improvements to the land and to establish more permanent dwellings, buildings and farm improvements..

John Hawdon's grave John Hawdon's grave
In 1845 young John Hawdon born 1821, nephew of Joseph Hawdon, followed his uncle's trail, accompanied by Armorer Forster who is believed to have come with Joseph Hawdon on the Caledonia 1842
Kulnine Station was taken up in 1845 by John Hawdon and comprised 57,600 acres. In 1848 John Hawdon fell from his horse. He was taken to his tent where he later died. He is buried in the cemetery at the northern end of the Old Mildura Homestead, among the saltbush and box trees that were his home. His grave is beside that of his bushman friend, Armourer Forster, who died in 1889.
In 1850 the Station was purchased by Crozier & Rutherford and then in 1857 it was divided into Kulnine Upper and Kulnine Lower with the boundary at Wentworth. The southern boundary of Kulnine Lower (Cowra) was near Merbein. It is interesting that the Station name was spelt Culnine.
1859 - The Jamieson's applied for Pre-emptive Right to 320 acres of land around their Mildura Homestead. Pre-emptive Right - A law had been en-acted in 1847, allowing the purchase of the section of land on which homesteads and other improvements had been made. Where river frontage was involved, the ownership ran right to the middle of the river. Station owners could now own their land, whereas previously they had only leased it.
See the page about the graves at the Homestead
If you enjoy this page, please Email me.
Selected bibliography of material on the Hawdons
Ernestine Hill - 'Water into Gold', pub 1937, a book about early Sunraysia
‘Joseph Hawdon, the First Overlander’ by Brian Packard pub 1997 by Fast
John Nicholson - ‘The Incomparable Captain Cadell’ pub 2004.
‘Bushmen of the Great Anabranch’ by Maxine Withers, published 1989.